In the articles Introduction to Internet of Things
, we explained the basic idea of Internet of Things.
In this article we will focus on Industry 4.0
and will see how it is related with Internet of Things.
What is Industry 4.0?
The term Industry 4.0 was coined by German Government which indicates use of Internet of Things in in manufacturing industry. Sometimes it is also known as Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)
It refers to the fourth industrial revolution. The first industrial revolution was the mechanization of production using water and steam power; it was followed by the second industrial revolution which introduced mass production with the help of electric power. The 3rd
industrial revolution was the use of electronics and IT to further automate production.
Industry 4.0 is based on the technological concepts of cyber-physical systems, the Internet of Things and the Internet of Services. It facilitates the vision of the Smart Factory.
Sometimes it is also referred as “Industrie 4.0
”. Note that Industrie is German translation of Industry.
How does the Industry 4.0 differ from the IoT?
The main difference is that where IoT often focuses on convenience for individual consumers, Industrial 4.0 is strongly focused on improving the efficiency, safety, and productivity of operations with a focus on return on investment. Industry 4.0 is more particular to industry. Still, the two terms refer to similar movements.
Industry 4.0 will revolutionize production processes.
Industry 4.0 represents a paradigm shift from “centralized” to “decentralized” smart manufacturing. (Germany has set itself the goal of being an integrated-industry lead market and provider by 2020.)
Advanced embedded technologies or “cyber-physical systems
” foster intelligent machine-to-machine (M2M) communication
, creating an Internet of Things.
This will change a conventional industrial production to connected, intelligent manufacturing through smart factories
, products, and services
Industry 4.0 technologies are already being deployed in Germany’s energy landscape, with intelligent networks (or smart grids) counting as one of the first application areas for the Internet of Things. Smart grids enable fluctuating renewable energy power generation and consumption to be optimally managed by facilitating a shift from consumption-oriented generation to generation-optimized consumption.
Industry 4.0, a German interpretation of this technology, is a sub-segment of the IoT and mainly refers to the automation of manufacturing and production operations.